Q. How can I use ibid, footnotes or cite the same source in APA Style?


APA does not recommend using footnotes. Instead they suggest using in-text parenthetical citation. If you follow their suggestion of using in-text citation then you would not use ibid.

On pg. 37-38 of the APA Manual there are two types of footnotes that APA will allow, however it is strongly advised that you use in-text citations instead.

In-Text Citation
To see how to cite references in text look at pg. 170 of the APA Manual. Here is a link from Purdue University about APA and footnotes that might help clarify: 


Citing Author Multiple Times
When you are citing the same source consecutively you can either cite it once at the end of the idea, if you are paraphrasing, or if you are directly quoting then you would cite the source after each quote. If this is the case then you should be including the page or paragraph number for each quote. There are a few options for abbreviations: see pg. 175 of the APA Manual if you are citing a work with multiple authors, or see pg. 176 of the APA Manual if you are citing a group author.

Please note that this information only serves as guidance. For additional assistance with APA Style, you may contact the NCU Academic Success Center at asc@ncu.edu or on the Commons: https://vac.ncu.edu/writing-center-commons/


  • Last Updated Feb 10, 2017
  • Views 9
  • Answered By NCU Library

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