Q. How do I cite an e-book in APA Style?
E-books come in many different formats (Kindle, Adobe Digital Editions, iBook, EPub, HTML, and more) and they can be read on a number of devices (Kindle, iPad, Nook, Sony Reader, Kobo, etc.). E-books can also be read on personal computers and mobile devices through library databases and online portals (Ebook Central, Google Books, and so on). This FAQ demonstrates how to cite any e-book in APA style.
Citing an Entire E-Book
Your reference list entry for an entire e-book should include the author, date, title (with e-reader book format in square brackets if applicable), and source (either DOI or URL).
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book [E-reader version, if applicable]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book [E-reader version, if applicable]. doi:xxxxx
PLEASE NOTE: If your e-book was read or acquired through an online library database or online portal (e.g., Ebook Central, Google Books) and not on an e-reader device, omit the bracketed information from the reference.
Citing a Chapter in an Edited E-Book
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter. In B. B. Editor (Ed.), Title of book [E-reader version, if applicable] (pp. xxx–xxx). Retrieved from http://xxxxx
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter. In B. B. Editor (Ed.), Title of book [E-reader version, if applicable] (pp. xxx–xxx). doi:xxxxx
PLEASE NOTE: If the e-book chapter does not have page numbers, omit that part of the reference.
For more information on when to cite an entire book vs. book chapter click here.
Citing Ebook Central
Note that Ebook Central does not provide doi (digital object identifier) numbers for its books. Therefore, use Retrieved from https://ebookcentral.proquest.com in the last field of your citation. See specific examples below.
Entire Ebook Central E-Book:
Bruski, N. (2013). Insightful teacher: Reflective strategies to shape your early childhood classroom. Beltsville, MD: Gryphon House. Retrieved from https://ebookcentral.proquest.com
Chapter in an Edited Ebook Central E-Book:
Lappin, J. S. (2013). Inferential and ecological theories of visual perception. In L. Albertazzi (Ed.), Handbook of experimental phenomenology: Visual perception of shape, space and appearance (pp. 39-69). Somerset, NJ: Wiley. Retrieved from https://ebookcentral.proquest.com
For in-text citations of paraphrased material, provide the author and date as you would for any APA Style reference.
To cite a direct quotation, you will also provide page numbers if the e-book has page numbers. If the e-book does not have page numbers, you can include any of the following in place of page numbers:
- a paragraph number, if provided; alternatively, you can count paragraphs down from the beginning of the document;
- an overarching heading plus a paragraph number within that section; or
- an abbreviated heading (or the first few words of the heading) in quotation marks, in cases in which the heading is too unwieldy to cite in full.
For more Reference Examples of how to cite e-books and e-book chapters, see Section 7.02 (pages 202-205) of the APA Publication Manual, Sixth Edition.
For more information on how to cite a Kindle click here.
This information courtesy of the APA Style Blog: How Do You Cite an E-Book?
Please note that this information only serves as guidance. For additional assistance with APA Style, you may contact the NCU Academic Success Center at firstname.lastname@example.org or on the Commons: https://vac.ncu.edu/writing-center-commons/
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