Q. How do I cite page numbers when there are no page numbers in the document or resource?
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition, provides guidelines on page numbers in Chapter 6, Crediting Sources, section 6.05 Direct Quotations of Online Material Without Pagination, pages 171-172. You may also find the same tip on the APA Style Blog entry, When and How to Include Page Numbers in APA Style Citations.
Both sources direct writers to use the paragraph number, headings and paragraph number, or when neither exist or headings are too lengthly to include, count the paragraphs and include the number with the shortened version, para. (ex. 2014, para. 1).
Common resources that may not have page numbers could include HTML documents (when no PDF document is available) and/or scanned microfiche or archive materials.
Please note that this information only serves as guidance. For additional assistance with APA Style, contact the NCU Academic Success Center at firstname.lastname@example.org or on the Commons: https://vac.ncu.edu/writing-center-commons/
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