Q. How do I cite a white paper in APA Style?


In the print Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.), white papers would fall into the category of government documents or reports from private organizations. See pages 205-206 for additional information.

If you have an electronic copy of the APA Style Guide to Electronic Sources, white paper information appears on page 21.


Author Last, First Initial or Corporate Author Name. (date). Title (White paper publication info). City, State: Place of printing/publication.

A white paper that has been retrieved from an online source should be cited like this:

Author Last, First Initial or Corporate Author Name. (Year of Publication). Title [White paper]. Retrieved from http:…………

If it is authored by/presented on behalf of the government, this changes the white paper citation slightly. For a report presented by the government, format the white paper citation this way:

Branch of Government. Subcommittee. White paper title. (Publication info such as issue and page). City: Office of publication, date.

It is important to note that it still follows proper citation format with an indent of a half-inch on the second line.


OCLC Online Computer Library Center. (2002). OCLC white paper on the information habits of college students [White paper]. Retrieved from

In-text citations should be formatted thus: (OCLC, 2002)

Furst, M., & DeMillo, R. A. (2006). Creating symphonic-thinking computer science graduates for an increasingly competitive global environment [White paper]. Retrieved from Georgia Tech College of Computing website: http://www .cc.gatech.edu/sites/default/files/Threads%20Whitepaper.pdf

Please note that this information only serves as guidance. For additional assistance with APA Style, please contact the NCU Academic Success Center at asc@ncu.edu or on the Commons: https://vac.ncu.edu/writing-center-commons/


  • Last Updated Mar 06, 2017
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  • Answered By NCU Library

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